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    来源:湖北学历教育网 发表时间:2021-01-28 03:16:31 浏览:702次

    一、 语音
    开音节、闭音节、R 音节(ar, er, ir, or, ur);
    字母组合发音:ch(character), th, igh(high), wh(whose), -y(reply), ea, h(hour),ie,
    s-( disease); c-(socialist); ar(warm); are (glare); ture (failure)
    00; n (ink); ow; -ed; -es; th-; au; -gh(enough); -sion (decision); -tion (suggestion);
    ai; en(hasten); ou(southern); b (comb); ere(there)
    二、 语法重点提示
    1. 名词: 不可数名词: furniture, advice, news, damage; 复数: women doctors; 双
    重所有格: a photo of Tom’s father’s
    2. 代词it 的用法:形式宾语、形式主语和强调句(P28)
    不定代词: both, all, either, neither, each, every, none, either…or, neither…nor,
    Little, a little, few, a few, some, any, many, much, one 作不定代词
    4.数词: two-fifths, hundreds/thousands/millions of; two hundred/thousand/million
    5. 形容词:比较级用法(如: as…as; not so/as…as; 比较级+比较级:more and
    more beautiful; the+比较级…, the+比较级…: the older…the weaker…; 两人之间
    较。。。:the brighter of the two boys); a seven-day holiday(不用two-days), a
    two-thousand-word speech; no richer than.= as poor as
    6. 副词(同形容词,略)
    7.介词: since(时点)/for(时段), on the evening of June 16th; on Sunday morning;
    over/above, under/below, besides/except
    8.动词: 情态动词(must(提问及回答), need, could, would, ought to; must have
    done(过去一定做了), should have done(过去,该干却没干), shouldn’t have done
    (过去,不该做却做了), needn’t have done(过去,做了本没必要做的事), used
    to do(过去常做,现在不做)
    系动词:be, get (old), look (tired), seem (interesting), turn (green), grow
    (old/rice), become (beautiful), smell (good), taste (delicious), sound (interesting)
    I’m a student);
    一般过去时(过去发生动作,two days ago, when , in 2007
    一般将来时(将来发生动作/状态, 主将从现原则:if I rains
    tomorrow, we’ll cancel the sports meet)
    过去将来时 (经常放在宾语从句中;the next (following) day)
    现在进行时(此刻正在做什么; at the moment; Look, he is
    doing...; 有些词没有进行时: have, believe, know, see, hear)
    过去进行时 (过去某时刻正在做,when, 9 o’clock last night)
    现在完成时 (与现在有联系,如:recently, lately, up to now, for
    these days, since…, for…, so far ; 时间性:如可说:he has died/ he died two years
    ago, 但不能说:he has died for two years, die 是非延续性动词,类似的词有:join,
    start, buy, leave, arrive, go, come, go, begin, end 等)
    过去完成时 (过去的过去,before…, by the end of last year, up
    till then)
    将来进行时 (将来某时刻正在做什么,this time next week)
    将来完成时(将来某时间前完成的动作, by this time tomorrow,
    by next Friday)
    续下去,since 1999 没有表示动作结实的含义)
    He told me that he had been teaching chemistry for more than 30 years.)
    三、 被动语态:
    1.不及物动词没有被动(happen, take place, appear);
    2.感官动词和使役动词做宾语补足语时的被动:(they saw Lily enter the
    room---Lily was seen to enter the room);
    3.情态动词的被动语态: can’t be looked after
    4.动词词组(pay attention to; look after 等)
    四、 动词不定式:
    1.感官动词和使役动词做宾语补足语时的被动:(they saw Lily enter the
    room---Lily was seen to enter the room);
    2.In order (not) to; so as (not) to; too…to
    3.It 代替 不定式做主语、宾语:It is very kind of you to help me.; he considered it
    his duty to support his family.
    4.不定式逻辑主语一般用for; 但在kind, nice, good, polite, clever, foolish,
    right ,wrong 等后用of : it’s right of him to refuse the invitation.
    5.Wh + 不定式:what/how/where/which/who/whether + to do
    五、 动名词
    1.It is useless/no good/of no use doing sth.; it is worth doing; (worthy of attention,
    worthy of 名词); have trouble/difficulty (in) doing; can’t help doing= can’t help
    but do; be busy doing;
    2.Admit, avoid, fancy, quit, feel like, consider, enjoy, delay, finish, excuse, mind,
    imagine, keep, miss, practice, suggest+动名词
    3.介词后+动名词: she is above doing such things
    4.Forget/remember, try, stop, go on, 等词后分别加动名词或不定式的用法
    6.Need, want, require: The bike needs repairing= the bike needs to be repaired.
    1.感官动词和使役动词: have sth done(have my car repaired), have sb do(have him
    repair my car); get sth done(get the work done), get sb to do(get him to do the work);
    2. 做状语用法: Seen from the sky, the park looks very small;
    (when/if) working in the open air, he often sings.
    The ice turns into water when (it is) heated.
    3.The man being questioned/ to be questioned/ questioned
    1.I’m leaving.
    2. I study English.
    3. I’m a student. (be, seem, look, turn, smell, taste, sound)
    4. I gave him a book. = I gave a book to him.
    5. we call him Big Brother. Ask sb to do sth.
    1. A as well as B , with, together with, except;
    2. 靠近原则: there be a pen and two pencils, not only…A but also B ,
    either…or, neither..nor.., or
    3. all, half, most, some any, none of n. money 5% of
    4. 时间、数量、金钱等视为整体,单数;
    八.并列句:连接词and, or, but, not only…but also, either…or, neither..nor.., 等
    九. 反意疑问句:
    1.带否定含义的词如:nothing, seldom, never, little, few,
    2. let’s (shall we); let us (will you); I don’t think he is a teacher, isn’t he (think,
    believe, suppose)
    3.Each, everyone 等,用they 反问; everything 等用it (P34)反问。
    1.基本形式:(现在)if…were/did…, would/should do;
    (过去) if…had been/done…, would/should have done..
    (将来) if… should/were to…, would/should do
    2. it is necessary/important/better/ interesting/natural/possible/strange/surprising/pity/
    shame/surprise + that+ 主语+ (should) + 动词原形
    3.Ask, suggest, demand, urge, insist, order, require + that +主语+ (should) + 动
    4. ask, suggest, demand, urge, insist, order, require 的时态和形式不影响上述句型,
    It was suggested/ it was my suggestion that the work (should ) be done in time.
    5. wish… + did(现在); wish… + had done(过去);
    6.虚拟语气的倒装:去掉if, 把had, should, were 提前,如:
    Were I to come tomorrow( if I were to come tomorrow), I would …;
    7. but for 要不是。。。, 用虚拟语气;
    十一. 名词性从句(主语从句、同谓语从句、表语从句、宾语从句)
    1.That 和what 的区别(That 只起连接作用,不担当成分;what 既起连接作
    2.从句必须用陈述语气,如:what did she need was unknown(错);应为:what she
    needed was unknown)
    3. 主语从句不能用if 引导:Whether (不用if) it will do us harm or good remains to
    be a question.
    1.关系代词:that, which, who, whom, whose 在句中做主语或宾语;whose 指人、
    物都行,whose 后面必须加名词,whose house)
    2. 只能用that 的几种情况:不定代词、形容词最高级、有first, last, next, only 等
    3.关系副词:where, when, why, 在句中做状语。
    如与关系代词的区别: I have never returned to the city where I was born.
    I have never returned to the city (which/that/省略)I liked
    4. 介词+ which/ whom: I’d like to join the tennis club to which my wife belongs.
    (belong to 属于)
    5.Which 在非限制性定语从句中指代句子或句子中一部分:He won the first prize,
    which we had never expected.
    十三、状语从句: 熟悉连接词
    1.时间:whenever, when(时间点), while(时间段), as(两动作同时发生; 随着),
    since, till, (not)…until, after, before, as soon as
    2.原因:because, since, as, for
    3. 方式: as, as if, as though
    4. as 可引导时间、原因、方式
    5.条件:if, as long as, so long as, unless
    6. 目的: so that, in order that, for feat that,
    7. 结果: so (that), so.. (that). Such…that; so big a room/ such a big room
    8. 让步: though, although, even if, even though, no matter (what, how, who, whom,
    when, where)= whatever, however 等;whether…or.
    Eg. Young though/as he is, he is very experienced. /student as he is, he is very rich.
    No matter how difficult it is , we’ll try to solve it (No matter how/however 后面
    9. 比较:见形容词比较级
    10.地点: where, wherever
    1.否定词开头;Little did I know what you referred to.
    2.Only + 状语
    3.Hardly had I arrived…when…; no sooner had I arrived…than..;
    4. So …that
    5. so/nor/neither
    6. Not until..: Not until he came back did I go to bed.
    1.Agree to do (同意做)/on(就。。。意见一致)/ with sb(同意某人观点)
    2.Call on 拜访人; call at 拜访地, call off a sports meeting 取消, call for 要求,提倡,
    call up 唤起, call in 召集(a doctor)
    3. break in(闯入), break up 打碎, break out 爆发, break down(车、房子)损坏,break
    off 断绝关系
    4. run out of 用完, run off 逃跑, run out from, run over
    5. look for 寻找, look at, look out 注意,向外看, look out of 从。。。想外看,look after
    照顾, look down on 瞧不起, look up to 尊敬, look into 调查, look forward to doing 盼
    望, look over 复习
    6. make for 朝。。。走, wait for 等待, stand for 代替, add up 加起来, separate…from
    区分, divide..into 分成。。。, wipe out 消除,去掉,
    7. come back 回来, come about 实现, come along 一起过来, come up 发生;上前
    8. journey, trip, travel, voyage
    9. get away 逃脱, get ahead 向前,进步, get straight 一直, get in 进入,收获,get
    along with 进展, get over 克服, get up 起床, get off 下车, get on 上车
    10. turn on 打开, turn off 关上, turn up 出现;调高音量, turn down 拒绝,调低音量;
    turn out 生产, turn。an ugly duckling。 Into a beautiful swan 把。。。变成。。。
    11. had better (not) do; would rather you went(句子时,过去时);would rather (not)
    12. bring about 带来、致使, bring down 打击、击落, bring up 抚养、教育, bring
    forward 提出(观点)
    13. carry out 执行, carry on 继续
    14. give away 泄露, give in 让步,屈服, give off 发出(光、热), give out 分发, give
    up 放弃
    15.Go off 发射, go on 继续, go over 复习, go through 经历, go up 上涨, go after 追
    求, go back on 背弃,go into 调查
    16. Hand in 上交, hand down 传下来, hand on 传给另一人, hand out 移交;分发
    17. Hold back 抑制,阻止, hold on(打电话时,等一下), hold up 耽搁,举起
    18.Keep from 阻止, keep on 继续, keep to 遵守(规则), keep up with 跟上
    19. Make for 向。。走, make out 辨别,弄清楚, make up 化装,组成, make up for
    20.Pull down 拆毁, pull in 车进站, pull off 脱下, pull up 车减速并停下
    21.Put away 收好,放好, put down 记下, put forward 提出, put in 插话;驶入, put
    off 推迟, put on 穿上, put out 灭火, put up 提出,建起, put up with 忍受
    22. Set off 出发, set aside 留出,拒绝, set forth 阐明, set out 出发, set up 建立
    23.Take away 拿走, take down 记下, take in 吸收;理解, take off 起飞,脱下, take
    on 雇佣, take over 接管, take up 拿起,占有
    2006 成人高考专升本英语作文题
    1. 多用简单句,少用复杂句;
    2. 多用短句,少用长句;
    3. 讲究简明扼要,摈弃烦琐复杂;
    4. 注意语法:词法+句法;词法: 时态,语态,主谓一致,冠词,名词
    单复数和 词语搭配; 句法:熟悉五种基本句型。
    作文: 请同学们关注书中以下题目:
    P180—1, 2
    Sample 1: 关于出国学习
    Dear Sir or Madam,
    My parents plan to let me go abroad to study, but I don’t agree with them. I
    think my English is too limited to communicate with foreigners. And I’m still young
    that I’m afraid that it would be hard for me to deal with some problems I’ll face.
    Besides, the cost will be too much fro my family.
    However, my parents think that it’s natural for me to study English well in an
    English-speaking country. Studying abroad at an early age will enable me to learn to
    be independent. Then it will be easier for me to learn advanced science and
    technology, which will prepare me for a brighter future.
    I really don’t know whether I should obey my parent or not. I need advice!
    Yours sincerely,
    Sample 3: 关于电视节目
    Dear Sir or Madam,
    I’d like to say my favourite programme of CCYV is Animal World. I like it not
    only because animals are friends of us humans but also they do a good job in making
    human world lively and interesting.
    I have learned through the programme a lot of things I didn’t know before, such
    as the life of animals, the relationship between humans and animals and the
    importance of the animal protection.
    Recently I have heard some animals are badly injured or killed. I wonder if law
    will be made to punish those who injure or even kill animals more severely.
    Sample 4: 关于食品和健康
    Nowadays, more and more people in the developed countries are becoming
    aware of the link between diet and good health. They are trying to have a balanced
    diet containing protein, fat, vitamins and minerals as well as fresh fruit and vegetables
    which are good for health.
    In most of the developing countries, however, quite a few people still don’t
    realize the importance of a healthier diet. As a result, diseases such as cancer and
    heart disease are increasing, while in the developed countries, these diseases have
    It is time for the governments of the developing countries to do something to
    encourage the eating of the right kinds of food. Otherwise, people will suffer more.
    Sample 5: 关于未来
    My dear classmate,
    We each are thinking about the future. What is mine? I have made up mind to
    become a middle school teacher. Does it sound surprising? I began to have this dream
    when I was only a child. I love children. I don’t think that it is a waste of time to deal
    with them all the year round. On the contrary, to me it would mean happiness. As we
    all can see, teachers are badly needed in our country at present, but not many of us
    want to become teachers. The main reason for this is that teachers’ work is too hard
    and they get too little. In spite of that, I’m determined to give all my life to the cause
    of education.
    Yours love,
    Sample 7: 关于交通问题
    As everybody knows that the traffic problems in our city become more and
    more serious. During the rush hours every morning and afternoon, the roads are very
    crowded. There are traffic jams almost on every main road. The accident rate becomes
    higher than before. I think that it is high time for the city government to take some
    measure to solve this problem.
    First of all, we should repair the roads, for some the roads are in bad condition
    and it is difficult for the drivers to go through. Secondly, we should build more
    overpasses so as to cut down traffic jams. Thirdly, the production of cars should be
    controlled, for there are too many cars moving on the roads every day. As long as we
    do something like this, the traffic problem will be solved or at least the accident rate
    will be lowered. I do hope our government will accept my suggestions.
    Sample 8:
    May 19,2002
    Dear Professor Wang:
    On behalf of the Student Union of the English Department, I am writing to
    invite you to give a lecture on Chinese history.
    We have planned to have such a lecture at 2:30 p. m. in Lecture Hall 419, on
    May 25.
    Looking forward to your lecture. Inform us in advance if you can not come.
    Sincerely yours,
    Li Ping