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    2018年湖北成人高考高起专英语预测试题及答案(9)

    来源:湖北学历教育网 发表时间:2018-09-14 浏览:

    2017年10月成人高考高升专英语模拟试题和答案详解 
     
     
     
    Ⅰ. Phonetics (10 points) http://www.hbxljyw.cn/
     
    Directions: 
     
    In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter combinations marked A, 
     
    B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in 
     
    pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.  
     
    1.A. fault       B. daughter    C. cause    D. laugh   
     
    2.A. three     B. those     C. thank    D. theatre  
     
    3.A. shut B. cut C. funny D. use
     
    4.A. plant     B. craft        C. grasp     D. at  
     
    5.A. enough B. about C. touch D. young 
     
    6.A. says    B. plays       C. stays      D. days  
     
    7.A. leave       B. scream     C. head      D. lead  
     
    8.A. weigh B. eight C. seize D. daily  
     
    9.A. thanks B. pills C. news D. films  
     
    10.A. dear B. heart C. ear D. tear 
     
       
     
    Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (40 points) 
     
    Directions:  
     
    There are 40 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked 
     
    A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the 
     
    corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 
     
    11. As a poor fresh student, he had to do a part-time job _______ money.
      A. owing to B. because of C. on account of D. for the sake of         
     
    12. The silk feels ________. 
     
       A. soft          B. softly                       C. softness                  D. softy  
     
    13. Could I have some milk, some orange juice, and some eggs ______?
      A. instead of B. in addition C. as well D. so much 
     
    14.Which is ______ country, the United States or Canada?  
     
    A. a larger                  B. larger                      C. the larger 
     
    15. There is much work to do, _______?  
     
       A. isn’t it               B. is there                           C. isn’t there                D. is it 
     
    16. _______ as he is, he can’t understand the English film.  
     
       A. A student of English                                     B. Though a student of English  
     
       C. Student of English                                              D. Being a student of English 
     
    17. The old in the country _______ taken good care of.  
     
       A. have                        B. has                        C. is                            D. are  
     
    18. Not a single mistake _______ in the test. 
     
       A. he made                   B. did he make                   C. he has made            D. made he  
     
    19. ______ my surprise, I got a high grade in this test. 
     
       A. For                          B. To                                  C. To be                      D. On  
     
    20. She never agree _______ you, did she?     A. to                            B. with                               C. in                            D. at  
     
    21.Either you or I _____ meet him at the airport.
      A. are to B. is to C. am to D. were to
     
    22. The lady treats the boy well as if he ______ her own son. 
     
       A. is                             B. was                                C. were                       D. would be  
     
    23. _______ round the city, we were impressed by the city’s new look.  
     
       A. Taken                      B. Taking                            C. To be taken            D. Being taken  
     
    24. He had a pain _______ his back. 
     
       A. on                            B. with                               C. in                            D. onto  
     
    25. The city _______ I was born is on the new railway line. 
     
       A. which                       B. that                                C. on which                 D. where  
     
    26. I had _______ that I would always remember it.  
     
       A. so a good experience                                         B. such a good experience 
     
       C. so good an experience                                       D. such good an experience  
     
    27. ______ give us help is welcome. 
     
       A. Who ever                B. Whoever                        C. No matter who       D. Those who  
     
    28. After running for nearly half an hour, I was ________. 
     
       A. out of place              B. out of control                 C. out of breath           D. out of practice 
     
    29. The mother told the little boy to do all the things _______. 
     
       A. on himself                B. on his own                     C. to himself                D. by own  
     
    30. You had better _______ a jacket, because it is cold outside.  
     
       A. take on                    B. to take on                      C. put on                     D. to put on  
     
    31. If you will do that, please take me into ________.  
     
       A. think                        B. thinking                          C. thought                   D. account  
     
    32. My pen has _______ ink. 
     
       A. run out of                 B. a few                             C. run away                 D. no little  
     
    33. There are, of course, bad teachers as well as ________. 
     
       A. good one                 B. some good                     C. good ones        D. those good  
     
    34. “______ haste, the less speed” is good advice he often gives us.  
     
       A. More                       B. The more                       C. The morer        D. Morer 
     
    35. You do look _______. You are not at all like a person who has been ill in bed for years.  
     
       A. good                        B. well                                C. sad                         D. disappointed  
     
    36. Some people like to eat apples. But some prefer bananas _______ apples. 
     
       A. to                            B. for                                 C. with                        D. against  
     
    37. I _______ here two years ago.  
     
       A. moved to                 B. have moved                   C. have moved to D. moved 
     
    38. He is _______ strong a man ________ he can lift ten stones like this one.  
     
       A. such…so                 B. so…that                         C. such a …that          D. so a …for 
     
    39. It _______ they who lent me the television.  
     
       A. was                        B. is                                   C. were                       D. are  
     
    40. A famous Canadian doctor expressed the value of hobbies by saying, “______ man is really 
     
    happy without a hobby.” 
     
       A. Not                         B. Without                          C. No                         D. None  
     
    41. Television broadcasts are ________ to an area that is within sight of the sending station of its relay.  
     
       A. prohibited                B. bounded                        C. limited                     D. restricted  
     
    42. Many things ________ impossible in the past are common today. 
     
       A. to consider        B. being considered            C. considering             D. considered  
     
    43. My parents wanted _______ me. 
     
       A. make a scientist                                           B. to make a scientist   
     
       C. make a scientist of                                              D. to make a scientist of 
     
    44. He has a bad habit of ________ others when they are speaking.  
     
       A. involving                  B. investigating                    C. interfering         D. interrupting  
     
    45. I like that new watch very much, but I can’t ________it. 
     
       A. cost                         B. offer                               C. pay                         D. spend  
     
    46. Tom arrived at the office and discovered that he had _______ his door key. 
     
       A. lent                          B. borrowed                       C. lost                         D. no  
     
    47. The beautiful scene left a deep _______ on the foreign visitors.  
     
       A. thought                    B. idea                               C. thinking                   D. impression  
     
    48. The room is a little small; _______ it is so hot. 
     
       A. in addition         B. in addition to                  C. additional                D. adding  
     
    49. I wish I ______ her address yesterday. 
     
       A. know                       B. had known                     C. would known          D. knew  
     
    50. It ______ yesterday. The ground is still wet now. 
     
       A. must have rained      B. was raining                     C. rained                     D. had rained  
     
      
     
    Ⅲ. Cloze (20 points)  
     
    Directions: 
     
    For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C 
     
    and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the 
     
    corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.  
     
    Insure means to protect _51_ a loss of money. Most people can budget their money so that their 
     
    income will cover expected expenses _52_ food, clothing, housing, and public services. But, there 
     
    is no way to know _53_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a 
     
    car accident. Such crises usually _54_ great expense. Even if people could predict crises, it would 
     
    be hard to save enough money to _55_ the expenses. Insurance is a system _56_ a company 
     
    collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those 
     
    insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis. An insurance policy _57_ how much the 
     
    insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain 
     
    crisis. There are many different kinds of insurance, _58_ hospital, motor-car and fire. Insurance 
     
    can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kind. Insurance is something _59_ 
     
    people buy and hope they will _60_ need.   
     
    51.A. for                     B. from                        C. against                           D. with  
     
    52.A. such as              B. for example             C. that                                D. the same as  
     
    53.A. predict               B. ahead                      C. in advance                     D. earlier 
     
    54.A. result from         B. make                      C. take                               D. result in  
     
    55.A. cover                 B. pay back                 C. fill                                  D. make full  
     
    56.A. that                    B. by which                 C. what                              D. where  57. A. said                   B. agree                      C. make sure                      D. states  
     
    58.A. include        B. including                  C. as well as                       D. also  
     
    59.A. which                 B. that                         C. as                                  D. like  
     
    60.A. never                 B. ever                        C. sometimes               D. often  
     
      
     
    Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points) 
     
    Directions:  
     
    There are four reading passages in this part Each passage is followed by five questions. For each 
     
    question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and 
     
    blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 
     
    Passage One  
     
    Researchers have found that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is important to human beings. This 
     
    type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep lasting five minutes to 
     
    forty minutes for each occurrence. The deeper a person’s sleep becomes, the longer the periods 
     
    of rapid eye movement. 
     
    There are physical charges in the body to show that a person has changed from NREM (non-rapid 
     
    eye movement) to REM sleep. Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate increases, and, as the name 
     
    implies, the eyes begin to move quickly.  
     
    Accompanying these physical changes in the body is a very important characteristic of REM sleep. 
     
    It is during REM sleep that a person dreams. 
     
    61. According to the passage, how often does REM sleep occur in one night?  
     
       A. Once                       B. Twice               C. Four of five times           D. Forty times  
     
    62. The word “deeper” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to which of the following? 
     
       A. heavier.                    B. louder.                    C. stronger.                        D. happier.  
     
    63. Which of the following shows that a person is NOT dreaming in his sleep? 
     
       A. His eyes begin to move.                       B. His breathing becomes faster.  
     
       C. His heart rate increases.                              D. His eyes stop moving.  
     
    64. The subject of this passage is ________. 
     
       A. why people sleep                                        B. the human need for REM sleep  
     
       C. the characteristic of REM sleep                   D. physical changes in the human body 
     
    65. Which of the following is the best title of the article?  
     
       A. REM Sleep       B. Two Types of Sleep      C. Sleepers   D. What Happens to Sleepers 
     
    Passage Two 
     
    The Mother Goose Stories, so well known to children all over the word, are commonly said to 
     
    have been written by a little old woman for her grandchildren. According to some people, she 
     
    lived in Boston, and her real name was Elizabeth Vergoose. Her son-in-law, a printer named 
     
    Thomas Fleet, was supposed to have published the famous stories and poems for small children in 
     
    1719. However, no copy of this book has ever been found, and most scholars doubt the truth of 
     
    this story-and doubt, moreover, that Mother Goose was ever a real person. They point out that the 
     
    name is a direct translation of the French “Mere I’ Oye.” In 1697 the Frenchman Charles 
     
    Perrault published the first book in which this name was used. The collection contains eight tales, 
     
    including “Sleeping Beauty,” “Cinderella,” and “Puss in Boots.” But Perrault did not 
     
    originate these stories; they were already quite popular in his day, and he only collected them.   
     
    66. What is suppssed to have happened in 1719? Elizabeth Vergoose wrote the first Mother Goose Stories.   
     
    Thomas Fleet published the Mother Goose Stories.  
     
    The Mother Goose Stories were translated into French.  
     
    Charles Perrault published the first Mother Goose Stories.  
     
    67. Most scholars consider Mother Goose to be _________. 
     
       A. a real person                                               B. a book written by a little old woman  
     
       C. a collection by Elizabeth Vergoose        D. a translation from French 
     
    68. When Perrault published the first book in 1679, _______.  
     
    no story of the book had been known to people  
     
    some stories of the book were already well known  
     
    few people were interested in the stories of the book   
     
    stories like “Sleeping Beauty” and “Cinderella” became popular 
     
    69. The name used in the first book published in 1679 is supposed to have been _______.  
     
       A. Mother Goose         B. Mere I’ Oye  C. Elizabeth Vergoose  D. Charles Perrault 
     
    70. On the basis of this passage, what may be concluded about the real origin of stories 
     
    “Sleeping Beauty” and “Cinderella”?  
     
    They were invented by Elizabeth Vergoose.  
     
    They were invented by Thomas Fleet.  
     
    They were invented by Charles Perrault.   
     
    Their writers are unknown. 
     
      
     
    Passage Three  
     
    Banks are not ordinarily prepared to pay out all accounts; they rely on depositors (储户) not to 
     
    demand payment all at the same time. If depositors should come to fear that a bank is not safe, that 
     
    it cannot pay off all its depositors, then that fear might cause all the depositors to appear on the 
     
    same day. If they did, the bank could not pay all accounts. However, if they did not all appear at 
     
    once, then there would always be enough money to pay those who wanted their money when they 
     
    wanted it. Mrs. Elsie Vaught has told us of a terrifying bank run that she experienced. One day in 
     
    December of 1925 several banks failed to open in a city where Mrs. Vaught lived. The other banks 
     
    expected a run the next day, and so the officers of the bank in which Mrs Vaught worked as a teller 
     
    had enough money on hand to pay off their depositors. The officers simply told the tellers to pay 
     
    on demand. The next morning a crowd gathered in the bank and on the sidewalk outside. The 
     
    length of the line made many think that the bank could not possibly pay off everyone. People 
     
    began to push and then to fight for places near the tellers’ windows, The power of the panic 
     
    atmosphere was such that two tellers, though they knew that the bank was quite all right and could 
     
    pay all depositors, drew their own money from the bank. Mrs Vaught says that she had difficulty 
     
    keeping herself from doing the same.   
     
    71. A bank run happens when _______. 
     
    a bank is closed for one or more days   
     
    too many depositors try to draw out their money at one time  
     
    there is not enough money to pay all its depositors at one time   
     
    tellers of a bank take their own money from the bank 
     
    72. The tellers in Mrs. Vaught’s bank were told to ________. 
     
    explain why they could not pay out all accounts   pay out accounts as requested  
     
    make the depositors believe that the bank was stand  
     
    pay out money as slowly as possible  
     
    73. The main cause of a bank run is _______. 
     
       A. loss of confidence                                       B. lack of money    
     
       C. crowds of people                                        D. inexperienced tellers 
     
    74. Which of the following did Mrs. Vaught say?  
     
    She know that the bank was not sound.  
     
    She feared that too many depositors drawing their money would close the bank.  
     
    She was not able to draw out her money.   
     
    She was tempted to draw out her money. 
     
    75. According to the passage, the actions of the depositors of Mrs. Vaught’s bank were affected 
     
    mainly by the _______.  
     
    ease with which they could get their money  
     
    confidence that Mrs. Vaught showed  
     
    failure of several other banks to open   
     
    confidence shown by other depositors of the bank 
     
    Passage Four 
     
    One of the greatest problems for those settlers in Nebraska in the last quarter of the previous 
     
    century was fuel. Little of the state was forested when the first settlers arrived and it is probable 
     
    that by 1880, only about one-third of the originally forested area remained, down to a mere 1 
     
    percent of the state’s 77,000 square miles. With wood and coal out of the question, and with fuel 
     
    needed year-round for cooking, and during the harsh winter months for heating, some solution had 
     
    to be found.  
     
    Somewhat improbably, the buffalo provided the answer. Buffalo chips (干粪块) were found to 
     
    burn evenly, hotly, and cleanly, with little smoke and interestingly, no odor, Soon, collecting them 
     
    became a way of life for the settlers’ children who would pick them up on their way to and from 
     
    school, or take part in competitions designed to counteract their natural reluctance. Even a young 
     
    man, seeking to impress the girl he wanted to marry, would arrive with a large bag of chips rather 
     
    than with a box of candy or a bunch of flowers.   
     
    76. What is the main topic of this passage? 
     
    The solution to the Nebraska settlers’ fuel problem.  
     
    Life in Nebraska in the late ninteenth century.   
     
    The imporance of the American buffalo.  
     
    Deforestation in Nebraska in the late nineteenth century. 
     
    77. Which of the following statements is NOT true?  
     
    Nebraska was not a densely-forested state even before the settlers arrived.  
     
    The children enjoyed collecting the buffalo chips.   
     
    The children spent a lot of time collecting the chips.  
     
    Buffalo chips were satisfactory as a fuel. 
     
    78. The passage implies that buffalo chips were needed _______.  
     
       A. in greater amounts in summer                B. in greater amounts in winter 
     
       C. only in summer                                     D. only in winter  
     
    79. Which of the following does the author not express surprise at? The children needed competitions to them.   
     
    The buffalo chips gave off no smell.  
     
    Buffalo chips were the answer to the settlers’ fuel problem.  
     
    Young men took bags of buffalo chips to their girl friends. 
     
        
     
    80. What’s the best title of the passage? 
     
       A. Early Settlers                                B. One Use of the Buffalo Chips  
     
       C. Nebraska’s Problems                    D. How Young Men Express Their Love for Girls  
     
      
     
    Ⅴ。 Writing (20 points)
      Directions:
      For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about 80 words on the title: The Bicycle in China. Base your composition on the outline given below.
      1.在湖北武汉,自行车是最为普通的交通工具。
      2.骑自行车的一些好处。
      3.自行车的前景…
      正确答案是:
      The Bicycle in wuhan hubei
      The bicycle is the most popular means of transportation in China. China is a country “on bicycle wheels”。 People ride them for various purposes such as going to and from school and work. Bicycles are very cheap and easy to buy in China.
      There are many advantages to riding a bicycle. First, using a bicycle can greatly help reduce the air pollution in many big cities. Second, people can improve their health by riding a bicycle.
      The future of bicycle will be bright. In some European countries, city governments have arranged pedestrians to use “public bicycles” to travel round the city center free of charge
     
       
     
    参考答案 
     
    Ⅰ. Phonetics  
     
    1.A           2.B             3.A            4.D            5.B             6.A            7.C   
     
    8.D           9.D            10.A   
     
    Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure 
     
    11.C          12.A          13.B           14.B           15.C          16.C          17.D    
     
    18.B          19.B           20.B           21.C          22.C          23.A          24.C    
     
    25.D         26.B           27.B           28.C          29.B           30.C          31.D   
     
    32.A         33.C          34.B           35.B           36.A          37.D          38.B    
     
    39.A         40.C          41.C           42.D         43.D          44.D          45.B 
     
    46.C         47.D          48.A          49.B           50.A 
     
    Ⅲ. Cloze 
     
    51.C         52.A          53.D          54.C          55.A          56.B           57.D 
     
    58.B          59.B           60.D 
     
    Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension 
     
    61.C         62.A          63.C          64.D          65.A          66.B           67.D 
     
    68.B          69.B           70.D          71.B           72.B           73.B           74.D 
     
    75.C         76.A          77.B           78.B           79.A          80.B 
     
    Ⅴ. Writing 
     
    正确答案是:
      The Bicycle in China
      The bicycle is the most popular means of transportation in China.
    China is a country “on bicycle wheels”。 People ride them for various 
    purposes such as going to and from school and work. Bicycles are very 
    cheap and easy to buy in China.
      There are many advantages to riding a bicycle. First, using a bicycle
     can greatly help reduce the air pollution in many big cities. Second,
     people can improve their health by riding a bicycle.
      The future of bicycle will be bright. In some European countries, 
    city governments have arranged pedestrians to use “public bicycles” 
    to travel round the city center free of charge

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